In Vitro Fertilization (IVF)
IVF is a process where an egg is fertilized by sperm outside the woman's body. IVF is the leading treatment for infertility when other methods of assisted reproductive technology have failed. Since 1978, when IVF was first developed, thousands of healthy babies have been born from couples who previously were considered infertile. Long-range studies show that the procedure does not increase risk for birth defects or other abnormalities in children. The success rates for HRC Fertility exceed the national averages and are listed on the SART website.
In Vitro Fertilization (IVF) is comprised of the following five basic steps:
1. Ovarian Follicle Development
Medication is administered to induce follicle growth (egg producing cysts on the ovaries) to develop. The doctor determines the right timing for the hCG (human chorianic gonadatropin) injection so that it triggers the final stages of egg maturation..
2. Ocyte Retrieval
Performed under anesthesia in RSA (Reproductive Surgical Associates), our surgery center located at our Pasadena office, eggs are collected using a transvaginal ultrasound-guided oocyte aspiration technique.
3. In Vitro Fertilization
With precise timing in our IVF Lab, the embryologist combines the egg(s) with the sperm for fertilization. Sometimes the sperm needs to be directly injected into the egg to achieve fertilization, which is called intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI). The morning after the egg retrieval, the embryologist checks for fertilization. The embryo(s) are then matured for three to five days in the laboratory before being transferred to the uterus.
4. Uterine Embryo Transfer
The embryos are transferred into the uterus using a catheter with ultrasound guidance. This procedure is performed in our Pasadena office at RSA, our surgical center.
5. Luteal Phase Monitoring and Support
This phase involves the monitoring of blood levels for pregnancy. Pregnancy can be detected approximately two weeks after embryo transfer. When a pregnancy test is positive, close monitoring of the early pregnancy is highly recommended. Two weeks after a positive pregnancy test, an ultrasound will detect the fetal heartbeat.
For more information on the IVF program at HRC Rancho Cucamonga, please contact us via our online form or call us at (909) 941-1120.