What is Infertility?
Infertility, as defined by The American Society for Reproductive Medicine (ASRM), is a disease of the reproductive system that impairs one of the body’s most basic functions: the conception and delivery of healthy children. In general, a couple is not considered infertile until they have been trying to get pregnant for six to twelve months. However, women in their mid-thirties often experience a rapid loss of fertility and are urged to see a fertility specialist as soon as possible, regardless of the duration of infertility. Conception is a complex process that is dependent upon many factors; the ability to produce healthy sperm by the male, healthy eggs by the female and patent fallopian tubes, which are necessary for the sperm to reach and fertilize the egg and also allows the embryo to travel to the uterus and attach. For the pregnancy to reach full term, a woman’s hormonal environment must be able to support continuing development. Infertility results when one or more of these processes is impaired.